OBS: Harmful Practices, oversættes på dansk til Skadelig praksis
"15. Harmful practices are persistent practices and forms of behaviour that are grounded in discrimination on the basis of, among other things, sex, gender and age, in addition to multiple and/or intersecting forms of discrimination that often involve violence and cause physical and/or psychological harm or suffering. The harm that such practices cause to the victims surpasses the immediate physical and mental consequences and often has the purpose or effect of impairing the recognition, enjoyment and exercise of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of women and children. There is also a negative impact on their dignity, physical, psychosocial and moral integrity and development, participation, health, education and economic and social status. The practices are therefore reflected in the work of both Committees."
Joint general recommendation No. 31 of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women/general comment No. 18 of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on harmful practices
(14. Nov 2014)
Page 5/24 "V. Criteria for determining harmful practices"
"47. Assessing the level of suffering or pain, relative in its nature, requires
considering the circumstances of the case, including the existence of a disability,6 as well as looking at the acquisition or deterioration of impairment as result of the
treatment or conditions of detention in the victim.7 Whereas a fully justified medical treatment may lead to severe pain or suffering, medical treatments of an intrusive and irreversible nature, when they lack a therapeutic purpose, or aim at correcting or alleviating a disability, may constitute torture and ill-treatment if enforced or administered without the free and informed consent of the person concerned."
United Nations A/63/175
Sixty third session
Item 67 (a) of the provisional agenda*
Promotion and protection of human rights: implementation of human rights instruments
Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment
(14. Nov 2014)
Page 10 "B. Applying the torture and ill-treatment protection framework to persons with disabilities"
"1. The elements of the torture definition"
Fra raport om børns rettigheder i bio-medicin fra 2017, bestilt af Komitéen for bio-etik ved Europarådet.
5.2 Children with differences in sex development and intersex conditions.
5.2.1 Scientific background.
"For the last six decades, non-consensual gender assignment surgeries and other gender-“normalizing” treatments have been performed on tens of thousands of infants and young children – most frequently, those children diagnosed as having “intersex conditions” or a “disorder of sex development”, the latter term which is increasingly described as “differences in sex development”.
Since the 1990s, individuals who have been harmed by these practices have come forward reporting genital dysfunction, scarring, loss of sexual feeling, loss of fertility, chronic pain, and the wrong gender assignment – with irreversible excision of genital and gonadal tissues.
Despite clinical attempts to find data supporting these practices, repeated systematic reviews of evidence have found no quality data confirming their safety and benefits for each affected child."
Læs mere i:
The Rights of Children in Biomedicine: Challenges posed by scientific advances and uncertainties.