The UN Office of
the United Nations
High Commissioner for
"Many intersex children, born with atypical sex characteristics,
are subjected to medically unnecessary surgery and treatment in an attempt to force their physical appearance to align with binary sex stereotypes.
Such procedures are typically irreversible and can cause severe, long-term physical
and psychological suffering"
Report A/HRC/29/23 on “Discrimination and violence against individuals based on their sexual orientation and gender identity”
The Council of Europe
“The term “intersex” refers to atypical and internal and/or external anatomical sexual characteristics, where features usually regarded as male or female may be mixed to some degree.
This is a naturally occurring variation in humans and not a medical condition.
It is to be distinguished from transsexuality, a phenomenon where someone has an evident sex, but feels as if he or she belongs to the other sex and is therefore ready to undergo a medical intervention altering his or her natural sex.”
explanatory memorandum to Resolution 1952 on Children’s right to physical integrity, punkt 49
Autralian Human Rights Commission
“A person who is intersex is a person whose chromosomal, gonadal or anatomical sex is not exclusively ‘male’ or ‘female”.
Surgery on intersex infants and human rights
European Union Agency For Fundamental Rights
"‘Intersex’ is used in this paper as an umbrella term to denote a number of different variations in a person’s bodily characteristics that do not match strict medical definitions of male or female.
These characteristics may be chromosomal, hormonal and/or anatomical and may be present to differing degrees.
Many variants of sex characteristics are immediately detected at birth, or even before.
Sometimes these variants become evident only at later stages in life, often during puberty.
While most intersex people are healthy, a very small percentage may have medical conditions which might be life-threatening, if not treated promptly.”
FRA Focus, The fundamental rights of intersex people
"An intersex person is born with sexual anatomy, reproductive organs, and/or chromosome patterns that do not fit the typical definition of male or female.
This may be apparent at birth or become so later in life.
An intersex person may identify as male or female or as neither.
Intersex status is not about sexual orientation or gender identity: intersex people experience the same range of sexual orientations and gender identities as non-intersex people."
LGBT Rights: Frequently Asked Questions
United Nations, Free and Equal
United Nations, Free and Equal
"Intersex people are born with sex characteristics (including genitals, gonads and chromosome patterns) that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies."
Attorney Generals Department.
“The term intersex refers to people who are born with genetic, hormonal or physical sex characteristics that are not typically ‘male’ or ‘female’.
Intersex people have a diversity of bodies and gender identities, and may identify as male or female or neither”
Guidelines on the Recognition of Sex and Gender
Organization Intersex International
"Intersex people are born with atypical sex characteristics.
Intersex relates to a range of congenital physical traits or variations that lie between stereotypical definitions of male and female.
That is, physical differences in chromosomes, genetic expression, hormonal differences, reproductive parts like the testicles, penis, vulva, clitoris, ovaries and so on.
Many different forms of intersex exist; it is an umbrella term, rather than a single category."
Organization Intersex International's Website