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"13.  Calls on the Commission to make sure that EU funds do not support research or medical projects that further contribute to violating the human rights of intersex people, in the context of the European Reference Networks (ERNs); calls on the Commission and the Member States to support and fund research on the human rights situation of intersex people;"

European Parliament resolution on the rights of intersex people

Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,
Juan E. Méndez

The Special Rapporteur calls upon all States to repeal any law allowing intrusive and irreversible treatments, including forced genital-normalizing surgery, involuntary sterilization, unethical experimentation, medical display, “reparative therapies” or “conversion therapies”, when enforced or administered without the free and informed consent of the person concerned.

He also calls upon them to outlaw forced or coerced sterilization in all circumstances and provide special protection to individuals belonging to marginalized groups.

 (A/HRC/22/53), para 88)

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Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment,
Juan E. Méndez

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has concluded

that homophobic illtreatment on the part of health professionals is unacceptable and should be proscribed and denounced. 

There is an abundance of accounts and testimonies of persons being denied medical treatment, subjected to verbal abuse

and public humiliation, psychiatric evaluation, a variety of forced procedures such as sterilization, State-sponsored forcible anal examinations for the prosecution of suspected homosexual activities, and invasive virginity examinations conducted by health-care providers, hormone therapy and genitalnormalizing surgeries

under the guise of so called “reparative therapies”.

These procedures are rarely medically necessary, can cause scarring,

loss of sexual sensation, pain, incontinence and lifelong depression

and have also been criticized as being unscientific,

potentially harmful and contributing to stigma
(A/HRC/14/20, para. 23).

The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination

against Women expressed concern about lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex women as “victims of abuses and mistreatment by health service providers”
(A/HRC/19/41, para. 56).

 (A/HRC/22/53), para 76)

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The equality and non-discrimination guarantee provided by international human rights law applies to all people, regardless of sex, sexual orientation and gender identity or “other status.” There is no fine print, no hidden exemption clause, in any of our human rights treaties that might allow a State to guarantee full rights to some but withhold them from others purely on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity.

Free and Equal, United Nations for LGBT equality, Fact sheet,  International Human Rights Law and Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity

Artikel 2.

Enhver har krav på alle de rettigheder og friheder, som nævnes i denne erklæring, uden forskelsbehandling af nogen art, f.eks. på grund af race, farve, køn, sprog, religion, politisk eller anden anskuelse, national eller social oprindelse, formueforhold, fødsel eller anden samfundsmæssig stilling.

Verdenserklæringenen om menneskerettighederne (10. Dec 1948)

( underskrevet af Danmark)

"1. Deltagerstaterne skal respektere og sikre de rettigheder, der er fastsat i denne konvention, for ethvert barn inden for deres jurisdiktion, uden forskelsbehandling af nogen art og uden hensyn til barnets eller dettes forældres eller værges race, hudfarve, køn, sprog, religion, politiske eller anden anskuelse, national, etnisk eller social oprindelse, formueforhold, handicap, fødsel eller anden stilling."

Bekendtgørelse af FN-konvention om Barnets Rettigheder. (20. Nov 1989)
(Tiltrådt af Danmark 1991)

77. Children who are born with atypical sex characteristics are often subject to irreversible sex assignment, involuntary sterilization, involuntary genital normalizing surgery, performed without their informed consent, or that of their parents, “in an attempt to fix their sex”, leaving them with permanent, irreversible infertility and causing severe mental suffering

Human Rights Council Twenty-second session,  Report of the Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, Juan E. Méndez (1. Feb 2013)

"All human beings are born equal in dignity and rights. Those foundational, bedrock principles of universality and equality mean that all of us, without exception, and regardless of our sex characteristics, are equally entitled to the protections of international human rights law.

Unfortunately, the myth that all human beings belong to one of two distinct and separate sexes is deep-rooted, and it contributes to the stigma, and even taboo, attached to being intersex.

This is linked to the very serious human rights violations that you are here today to discuss. They include medically unnecessary surgeries and other invasive treatment of intersex babies and children; infanticides of intersex babies; and widespread and life-long discrimination, including in education, employment, health, sports, accessing public services, birth registration and obtaining identity documents."

Opening remarks by Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights at the Expert meeting on ending human rights violations against intersex persons(Geneva, 16 September 2015)

D. 21 marts 2019 vedtog man i FN's Menneskerettighedsråd en resolution for at stoppe diskrimination af kvinder og piger i sport, heriblandt kvinder og piger født med variationer i kønskarakteristika. Den anerkender samtidig at regulationer og praksis i sport, kan være med til at underbygge skadelige køns-sterotyper, racisme, sexisme og stigma, og kan krænke værdighed, privatliv, kropslig integritet og kropslig autonomi for kvinder og piger der er født med forskelligheder i køns-udviklingen.(differences of sex development)

Med denne resolution tilføjer FN's Menneskerettighedsråd et menneskerettighedsperspektiv og tilkendegiver støtte i sagen om Castor Semenya, mod regulationer fra "the International Association of Athletics Federations" (IAAF) samt hendes ret til at deltage i sport. IAAF ønsker at påtvinge kvinder med naturligt høje niveauer af testosteron, at medicinere sig til at lavere niveau, for at kunne få lov til at deltage i sport.

FN's Menneskerettighedsråd anbefaler stater at: "ensure that sporting associations and bodies implement policies and practices in accordance with international human rights norms and standards, and refrain from developing and enforcing policies and practices that force, coerce or otherwise pressure women and girl athletes into undergoing unnecessary, humiliating and harmful medical procedures in order to participate in women’s events in competitive sports,and to repeal rules, policies and practices that negate their rights to bodily integrity and autonomy".

(United Nations Human Rights Council. 2019. ‘Elimination of Discrimination against Women and Girls in Sport’. A/HRC/40/L.10/Rev.1.)

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